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WAK INT 284 - Honors Seminar

Who are stakeholders? (Databases and Guides by Subject)

21st Century Skills: Expert Stakeholders Outside of Academia (activity)

Scholars aren't the only credible stakeholders contributing to the conversation around a given issue. Although scholarly research is rigorous and focused, the systems behind it are designed to privilege certain ways of knowing over others. Understanding the world around us requires considering a variety of sources. Some information can only be sourced from stakeholders whose expertise is based on cultural knowledge or personal experience.

1. Compare the Maps

At the turn of the 20th Century, the Belcher Islands--an archipelago in Hudson Bay, Canada--were unknown to Western Geographers despite 200 years of sailing expeditions in the region. Inuit people, however, were intimately familiar with this large cluster of islands.

2. Reflect

These two images are different geographic representations of the same land mass. Neither is a scholarly article, but both offer unique information that could be analyzed or interpreted in scholarly research about Sanikiluaq/The Belcher Islands.Take a few minutes to think about the different types of information each image represents, and discuss:

  • Describe the different types of expertise Wetalltok and NASA, as creators of these two sources, might bring to research about the Belcher Islands
  • Which scholarly stakeholders might use Wetalltok's hand-drawn map? How about the NASA image? How might they use it in their research?

Try it out: Searching like a Stakeholder (activity)

In this activity, you'll practice searching in different library databases and comparing the ways different expert stakeholders (scholars) explore the same issue. You'll also get to practice brainstorming search terms. Important: You will use your search results from Part 1 to complete Part 2.  ​

1. Compare Search Results

In this activity you will compare your search results from two search tools, each designed to support the research of different expert stakeholder:  CINHAL Plus (for healthcare providers) and Sociological Abstracts (For Sociologists). ​Complete steps A and B before moving on to Part 2 of the activity.

A. Open both CINHAL Plus and Sociological Abstracts and conduct a search in each using the same terms: rural food insecurity

B. Review the title and details for the first 4-5 sources that appear in the search results generated by each tool. Note differences and similarities you see in the language and descriptions of these sources. Ask yourself or discuss with a partner: What common research interests do these three stakeholders share?​

Tip: Keep your search CINHAL Plus search results open while completing Part 2​

2. Brainstorm Search Terms

If you were going to conduct a new search for scholarly healthsciences sources--created by and for Healthcare professionals--about rural food insecurity, what search terms could you try?