During the transition to online learning, please note The Open Textbook Library and OpenStax provide consistent, online access to high quality textbooks that are free to use, adopt and adapt in your courses.
Creative Commons licenses provide a standardized way for authors and creators to grant the public permission to share and use their creative works. Creative Commons licenses mix and match the following elements:
Give credit to the original author
|Share Alike (SA)
Distribute derivative works under the same license
Only use the work for noncommercial purposes
|No Derivatives (ND)
Only use verbatim copies of the work
According to UNESCO, "Open Educational Resources are teaching, learning or research materials that are in the public domain or released with an intellectual property license that allows for free use, adaptation, and distribution." OER include curriculum maps, course materials, textbooks, streaming videos, multimedia applications, podcasts, and any other materials that have been designed for use in teaching and learning.
The Creative Commons has gathered a number of definitions of OER from different organizations.
Open content is licensed in a way that grants users the permission to:
|Retain||Make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage)|
|Reuse||Use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)|
|Revise||Adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content (e.g., translate the content into another language)|
|Remix||Combine the original or revised content with other material to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)|
|Redistribute||Share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., post a copy of the content online for others to download)|
This material is based on original writing by David Wiley, which was published freely under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license at: Defining the "Open" in Open Content and Open Educational Resources.
The UWM Libraries and the Center for Excellence in Teaching and Learning work in partnership to support Open Educational Resource discovery and adoption in courses. Please contact Kristin Woodward if you would like more information: