Systematic Review (from the PubMed Health Glossary) : A systematic review is a research study that collects and looks at multiple studies. Researchers use methods that are determined before they begin to frame one or more questions, then find and analyze the studies that relate to that question.
Systematic Review is a research methodology used in Health, Nursing, Social Welfare and other academic disciplines. Systematic reviews follow a strict methodology, formed around a focused research question and utilizing an explicit research strategy wherein the source(s), search details and scope are noted and able to be replicated with consistent results. The reviewer(s) will 1) formulate a question; 2) search for studies in the collections accepted as most relevant and high-quality by the discipline, detailing the sources and research strategies; 3) assess the quality of studies; 4) summarize the evidence; and 5) interpret the findings.
Through synthesizing the results of several studies, the reviewer(s) will identify the best and most current research on their specific question in support of Evidence-Based Practice or EBP.