A citation or reference is the information given in a bibliography or a database about a particular title, which often includes:
Citations give credit to those whose ideas have contributed to your research and give your readers enough information to locate the sources you used. There are many ways to format citations. The style you choose depends on your field and the requirements set by your professor or publisher.
Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal, vol. Volume, no.Issue, Year of Publication, pp. Page Range. Database Name, URL or DOI.
Ellery, Karen. "Undergraduate Plagiarism: A Pedagogical Perspective." Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, vol. 33, no. 5, 2008, pp. 507-516.
Green, Raymond J., Amber Allbritten, and Anna Park. "Prevalence of Careers in Psychology Courses at American Universities." College Student Journal, vol. 42, no. 1, 2008, pp. 238-40. Academic Search Complete, ezproxy.lib.uwm.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=a9h&AN=31824797&site=ehost-live&scope=site.
Author Last Name, Author First Name. Title of Book. Edition ed., Publisher Name, Year of Publication.
Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of Chapter/Essay." Title of Book/Collection, edited by Editor(s), Publisher Name, Year of Publication, pp. Page Range.
Shields, Charles J. Mockingbird: A Portrait of Harper Lee. Henry Holt, 2006.
Anson, Chris M., Robert A. Schwegler, and Marcia F. Muth. The Longman Writer's Companion. 4th ed., Longman, 2000.
Smith, Paul M. "The Diverse Librarian." An Introduction to Reference Services in Academic Libraries, edited by Elizabeth Connor, Haworth Press, 2006, pp. 137-140.
All sources that are either directly quoted or paraphrased should be cited within your research paper. If you mention the author's name before the direct quote or paraphrase then you do not need to include it in the citation.
OR if you do not mention the author's name before introducing the quote then it would need to appear in the citation.
Note: Block quotations should be used for quotes longer than four lines. Block quotations do not need quotation marks, should include an introductory sentence, should be indented 1 inch from the left margin and citation should appear in parentheses after the punctuation that closes the block quotation.
Modern Language Association style is often used in the liberal arts and humanities and requires a separate Works Cited page: