This guide includes examples of APA style end-of-text references for books and articles and in-text references. Use the resources linked below for information on end-of-text references for other materials and formats.
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. https://doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyy
Ellery, K. (2008). Undergraduate plagiarism: A pedagogical perspective. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 33(5), 507-516.
Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.24.225
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name. DOI (if available)
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In E. E. Editor & F. F. Editor (Eds.), Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (pp. pages of chapter). Publisher. DOI (if available)
Shields, C. J. (2006). Mockingbird: A portrait of Harper Lee. Henry Holt.
Anson, C. M., Schwegler, R. A., & Muth, M. F. (2000). The Longman writer's companion. (4th ed). Longman.
Smith, P. M. (2006). The diverse librarian. In E. Connor (Ed.). An introduction to reference services in academic libraries. (pp. 137-140). Haworth Press.
Any time a source is directly quoted or paraphrased it needs to be cited within the text, in addition to appearing in the list of references.
Direct Quote: You will need to include the author, year of publication, and page number of the quote.
Paraphrasing: APA requires that, with paraphrasing, the author and year of publication be included in the in-text citation. The inclusion of the page number is not required but is encouraged.
APA defers to Bluebook style, the standard legal citation. The resources provided below refer to citing Federal legal materials. Legal citations for states are a little different since state governmental and legislative bodies do not have standardized naming or numbering conventions, however the structure of the information within the citation will be the same.
Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. § 12101 et seq. (1990). https://www.congress.gov/bill/101st-congress/senate-bill/933/text
Wisconsin Act 10. (Wis. 2011). https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/2011/related/acts/10
Protecting the Right to Organize Act of 2021, H.R. 842, 117th Cong. (2021). https://www.congress.gov/bill/117th-congress/house-bill/842/text
S.B. 72., 2023-2024 Wis. Leg., 106th Reg. Sess., (Wis. 2023). https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/2023/proposals/reg/sen/bill/sb72