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Gender and the Media: Research Tips

Characteristics of Primary and Secondary Sources

This Venn Diagram shows some common characteristics of both primary and secondary sources.

Differentiate Between Primary and Secondary Sources

Primary vs. Secondary Sources - The video above explains the key characteristics, similarities, and differences of primary and secondary sources. This video provides you with the skills to determine if a source is a primary or secondary source. You will need to be able to complete this task for your midterm project, and potentially for future assignments. 

Primary Source Analysis


How do you analyze a primary source?-This video walks you through the thought process of understanding the content and context of a document. This video will help you when you need to think more critically and analyze your three primary sources for your midterm project.

Citing Online Primary Sources

Suggested format made with reference to the Chicago Manual of Style Online, 14.235. The example below is suitable for citing primary sources found online or in digital collections.

Creator, Title of item, Date, Format/medium, Repository, Location of item or Collection, stable URL


Harrison Forman, Afghanistan, woman in burqa and man with bicycle in Kābul street, 1953, Photograph, Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries, American Geographical Society Library, Harrison Forman Collection,


Information to track about your primary sources





Date of creation or completion







Repository (who has it?)


Location of item (geographic place or collection)



Stable URL

(Use a web address that will always direct your reader to this source)