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MUSIC 212: History of Western Music 2

Task #5

Complete the following task, using the tips below. Answer the survey question to let us know how it went!

Using the guidelines and resources below, select one of your sources and create a bibliography citation for it.

Citing Sources in Music History

The variety of source types used in music history, and the ways we use them, can make citation of sources a bit confusing. Here are a few guidelines:

1. Basic general facts that are common knowledge do not require citation (dates, biographical data, etc.).

2. Your interpretation of the music, and your own conclusions do not require citation.

3. Recordings used for general reference do not require citation, but if you refer to details of the performance, they should be cited. 

4. ALWAYS cite the analysis, commentary, or interpretation of other writers.

5. Cite the score the first time you refer to a measure number or other detail.

In-Text References (Notes & bibliography style, 16th ed.)

Each time you refer to an outside source, it should be documented in a footnote or an endnote. Ask your professor which style you should use. The format of the footnote/endnote citation is different than that of the bibliography citation. 

  • Footnotes appear at the bottom of the page on which the source is referenced. Endnotes appear at the end of the chapter or document in which the source is referenced.
  • A superscript number should appear at the end of the sentence in which the source is quoted or paraphrased.
  • Each footnote/endnote must correspond to a superscript number in consecutive order beginning with 1.
  • If you cite the same source more than once, you can use the shortened form or use "Ibid". For more information check the Chicago Manual of Style Online.

In text:

Shields describes the 1950's New York art scene as "tailor-made for socializing." 1

Footnote:

1. Charles Shields, Mockingbird: A Portrait of Harper Lee (New York: Henry Holt, 2006), 21.

Template

Note number. Author First Name Author Last Name, "Title of Article," Title of Journal Volume, no. Issue (Year of Publication): Page range.


Examples

Print Article

1. Karen Ellery, "Undergraduate Plagiarism: A Pedagogical Perspective," Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education 33, no. 5 (2008): 507.

Online Article

2. Maxin Mozgovoy, Tuomo Kakkonen, and Georgina Cosma, "Automatic Student Plagiarism Detection: Future Perspectives," Journal of Educational Computing Research 43, no. 4 (2010): 511-12, doi:10.2190/EC.43.4.e.

Template

Book

Note number. Author First Name Author Last Name, Title of Book, Edition ed. (Place of Publication: Publisher Name, Year of Publication), Page Range.

Chapter in an edited book

Note number. Author First Name Author Last Name, "Title of Chapter/Essay," in Title of Book, ed. Editor's name (Place of Publication: Publisher Name, Year of Publication), Page Range.


Examples

One author

4. Charles Shields, Mockingbird: A Portrait of Harper Lee (New York: Henry Holt, 2006), 21.

Multiple authors

5. Jeanne Ellis Ormrod and Dinah Jackson McGuire, Case Studies: Applying Educational Psychology, 2nd ed. (Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson/Merrill Prentice Hall, 2007), 114-15.

Chapter in an edited book

6. Paul Smith, "The Diverse Librarian," in An Introduction to Reference Services in Academic Libraries, ed. Elizabeth Connor (Binghamptom, NY: Haworth Press, 2006), 137.

End-of-Text References (Notes & bibliography style, 16th ed.)

Template

Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume, no. Issue (Year of Publication): Page range. DOI or URL.


Examples

Print article

Ellery, Karen. "Undergraduate Plagiarism: A Pedagogical Perspective." Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education 33, no. 5 (2008): 507.

Online Article

Mozgovoy, Maxin, Tuomo Kakkonen, and Georgina Cosma. "Automatic Student Plagiarism Detection: Future Perspectives." Journal of Educational Computing Research 43, no. 4 (2010): 511-31. doi:10.2190/EC.43.4.e.

Template

Book

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Title of Book. Edition ed. Place of Publication: Publisher Name, Year of Publication.

Chapter in an edited book

Author Last Name, Author First Name "Title of Chapter/Essay." In Title of Book, edited by Editor's Name, Page Range. Place of Publication: Publisher Name, Year of Publication.


Examples

One author

Shields, Charles. Mockingbird: A Portrait of Harper Lee. New York: Henry Holt, 2006.

Multiple authors

Ormrod, Jeanne Ellis, and Dinah Jackson McGuire. Case Studies: Applying Educational Psychology. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson/Merrill Prentice Hall, 2007.

Chapter in an edited book

Smith, Paul. "The Diverse Librarian." In An Introduction to Reference Services in Academic Libraries, edited by Elizabeth Connor, 137. Binghampton, NY: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.