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How To Evaluate Research Resources: The CRAP Test
"Every man [and woman] should have a built-in automatic crap detector operating inside him." -- Ernest Hemingway
Use the CRAP test to evaluate potential research resources:
- How recent is the information?
- How recently has the website been updated?
- Is it current enough for your topic?
- What kind of information is included in the resource?
- Is content of the resource primarily opinion? Is it balanced?
- Does the creator provide references or sources for data or quotations?
- Who is the creator or author?
- What are the credentials?
- Who is the published or sponsor?
- Are they reputable?
- What is the publisher's interest (if any) in this information?
- Are there advertisements on the website?
Purpose/Point of View:
- Is this fact or opinion?
- Is it biased?
- Is the creator/author trying to sell you something?
Fauxtography: Identifying Fake Photos on the Internet | The 1918 Spanish Flu
Primary, Secondary & Tertiary Resources
Periodical Publication Categories
Ulrichsweb(Ulrich's Periodical Directory)is the authoritative source of detailed information on periodicals of all types -- academic and scholarly journals, Open Access publications, peer-reviewed titles, popular magazines, newspapers, newsletters, and more from around the world.
Are Books Considered Scholarly Resources?
Are Books Considered Scholarly Publications?
It depends. Just as periodicals can be categorized as academic, scholarly, peer reviewed or popular, books and other "grey literature" research resources are also published with different audiences and purposes. This handout will help you determine if a book or another type of research resource is academic/scholarly in nature.