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HONORS200: Honors Seminar: The Shaping of the Modern Mind: Portraiture and Self (Spring 2021 | Snow): Resource Evaluation

Research resources for portrait comparison research paper.

How To Evaluate Research Resources: The CRAP Test

Hemingway line art portrait"Every man [and woman] should have a built-in automatic crap detector operating inside him." -- Ernest Hemingway

Use the CRAP test to evaluate potential research resources:


  • How recent is the information?
  • How recently has the website been updated?
  • Is it current enough for your topic?


  • What kind of information is included in the resource?
  • Is content of the resource primarily opinion? Is it balanced?
  • Does the creator provide references or sources for data or quotations?


  • Who is the creator or author?
  • What are the credentials?
  • Who is the published or sponsor?
  • Are they reputable?
  • What is the publisher's interest (if any) in this information?
  • Are there advertisements on the website?

Purpose/Point of View:

  • Is this fact or opinion?
  • Is it biased?
  • Is the creator/author trying to sell you something?

Fauxtography: Identifying Fake Photos on the Internet | The 1918 Spanish Flu

Primary, Secondary & Tertiary Resources

Sample Portrait Comparison

Periodical Publication Categories

Are Books Considered Scholarly Resources?