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Upward Bound Math & Science

What is a citation?

A citation or reference is the information given in a bibliography or a database about a particular title, which often includes:

  • article title or chapter title
  • periodical title or book title
  • author(s) or editor(s)
  • place of publication
  • date of publication
  • publisher name
  • volume/issue (articles) or edition (books)
  • page range
  • medium of publication
  • electronic access (URL or DOI)
  • date accessed

Citations give credit to those whose ideas have contributed to your research and give your readers enough information to locate the sources you used. There are many ways to format citations. The style you choose depends on your field and the requirements set by your professor or publisher.

End-of-Text References (7th ed.)

Template

Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year of Publication): Page Range. Medium of Publication. Date Accessed.


Examples

Print Article

Ellery, Karen. "Undergraduate Plagiarism: A Pedagogical Perspective." Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education 33.5 (2008): 507-516. Print.

Online Article

Green, Raymond J., Amber Allbritten, and Anna Park. "Prevalence of Careers in Psychology Courses at American Universities." College Student Journal 42.1 (2008): 238-40. Web. 7 Jan. 2015.

Template

Book

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Title of Book. Edition ed. Place of Publication: Publisher Name, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

Chapter in an edited book

Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of Chapter/Essay." Title of Book/Collection. Ed. Editor(s). Place of Publication: Publisher Name, Year of Publication. Page Range. Medium of Publication.


Examples

One author

Shields, Charles J. Mockingbird: A Portrait of Harper Lee. New York: Henry Holt, 2006. Print.

Multiple authors

Anson, Chris M., Robert A. Schwegler, and Marcia F. Muth. The Longman Writer's Companion. 4th ed. New York: Longman, 2000. Print.

Chapter in an edited book

Smith, Paul M. "The Diverse Librarian." An Introduction to Reference Services in Academic Libraries. Ed. Elizabeth Connor. Binghampton, NY: Haworth Press, 2006. 137-140. Print.

Online Resources