Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Social Work 662: Methods of Social Welfare Research (Lee)

Identifying Empirical Research

Empirical research requires observation or actual experience that is able to be measured; the resulting empirical evidence documents the observations and can be analyzed quantitatively or qualitatively.

Characteristics to look for in empirically based research:

  • Identifies a problem, population, or research question under study

  • Methodology is stated

  • Alternate course of action may be included

  • Defines the group or issue being studied

  • May be quantitative or qualitative  [check with your course instructor or syllabus, as the course focus may be on just one or the other]

  • May include tests or surveys (embedded, as an appendix, or referred to by Proper Name)

  • May be reproducible; to be replicated or adapted to a new study